Cancer remains the second leading cause of death after heart disease in developed and developing countries. According to statistics from Globocan (World Cancer Observatory) which collect data on cancer worldwide; In 2, 2020 million people were newly diagnosed with cancer; 19.3 million patients have also died of cancer.
By 2040, these numbers are expected to increase by 50%. According to data from the World Health Organization; In 40% of countries, the diagnosis of cancer could be made at a later stage due to late admission to health units during the Covid-19 pandemic. This is because patients have difficulty accessing treatment, or interrupt their exams or stop treatment prematurely due to concerns about the infection. Professor Dr YeÅim Eralp, specialist in medical oncology at AcÄ±badem Maslak Hospital, also said that there had been serious slowdowns during the pandemic in cancer research, which is a very important source for the evolution of the treatment, and said, âWe expect to see a serious increase in the burden of cancer due to these setbacks in the years to come. ” he speaks.
Dr YeÅim Eralp, specialist in medical oncology, pointed out that our bad habits also play an important role in increasing the prevalence of cancer in the world: âThe most important factors that triggered cancer during the pandemic process were sedentary life, tobacco and alcohol consumption. , and malnutrition. In addition to being responsible for 85 percent of lung cancers, smoking is the cause of many fatal cancers such as head and neck cancers, pancreas and bladder. Malnutrition, heavy drinking and lack of exercise are also thought to increase cancer risk by 30 to 50 percent, âhe says. So what are our habits that almost invite cancer? Dr YeÅim Eralp, specialist in medical oncology, spoke about our 10 bad habits that cause cancer; makes important suggestions and warnings.
Fault: Use of tobacco and tobacco products
Besides the nicotine in tobacco, cigarette smoke triggers cancer formation by disrupting cellular structures and protective immune shields in the respiratory tract and throughout the body due to the hundreds of harmful substances in cigarette smoke. Tobacco and tobacco products which play a role in the development of a total of 14 types of cancer as well as fatal cancers such as cancers of the head and neck, lungs, bladder and pancreas; It is responsible for 25-30% of cancer-related deaths and 87% of lung cancer deaths. Men who smoke are 23 times more likely to get lung cancer than non-smokers, and women 17 times more.
Fault: Live again, eat western style
The risk of colon cancer increases by 45 percent with the intense consumption of saturated fatty acids and red meat, which are described as “a western style diet”, as well as a sedentary lifestyle. Due to obesity caused by this type of diet and lifestyle, the risk of uterine, breast, pancreatic and stomach cancers increases by 30%.
Fault: Consuming too much alcohol
Severe alcohol consumption; It plays an important role in the development of various types of cancer such as cancer of the esophagus, breast and liver. For example, in studies; The risk of breast cancer was shown to increase by 14 percent, colon cancer by 360 percent, and esophageal cancer by 150 percent with alcohol consumption of 45 grams (23 ml of beer, 17 ml of wine, 220 ml of whiskey, raki, etc.) and more per day.
Fault: Frequent cooking of meat / vegetables on the barbecue
Dr YeÅim Eralp, specialist in medical oncology, declaring that the charred nutrients contain pyrolysate and various amino acids harmful to the body: âThese compounds increase the risk, especially of cancers of the stomach and intestinal system,â he says. .
Fault: Unprotected sunbathing for a long time
Sunbathing unprotected for a long time; Due to the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun, it paves the way for the uncontrolled division of the DNA structures of cells in the lower layers of the skin (dermis), the suppression of protective immunity and in this way , melanoma and other cancerous skin. So much so that having 25 or more sunburns before the age of 6 increases the risk of melanoma by 2.7 times and other skin cancers by 1.7 to 2 times. Medical oncology specialist Professor Dr YeÅim Eralp has warned that tanning with solarium equipment can increase the risk of skin cancer up to 6 times, and continues as follows: âAvoid solarium to prevent the development of skin cancer. cancer, do not go out between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. : 00 when the harmful rays of the sun are intense, Sometimes it is necessary to use a protector SPF 30 and higher. “
Fault: Choose packaged foods and processed foods that contain preservatives
“Canned foods with added nitrites and nitrates so they don’t spoil, and food products containing azo-type dyes are directly carcinogenic.” warned Professor Dr YeÅim Eralp lists other products that increase the risk of cancer as follows: âIn addition, plasticized products containing bisphenol set the stage for breast and prostate cancer by transferring this substance to food . Consuming products containing saturated fatty acids, refined sugar, and flour also triggers oxidation and inflammation, leading to cancer. Very sugary sweets can also trigger cancer by stimulating cell division and growth pathways through excessive secretion of the hormone insulin. “
Fault: Overdoing drinks with sweeteners
In the studies carried out; Heavy consumption of drinks containing sweeteners; It is associated with certain hematological cancers by the intake of large amounts of aspartame.
Fault: Inability to deal with stress
âStudies haven’t shown that excessive stress alone triggers cancer. However, the direct relationship of bad habits such as excessive tobacco and alcohol consumption, which can accompany it, with cancer has been revealed. Providing his information, Professor Dr YeÅim Eralp said: “It is very important to sleep well, to be as active as possible, to spend time exercising regularly three days a week in order to avoid stress. . ” said.
Fault: Sleepless nights
Our bad habits such as sleeping with the television on and staying awake late, which negatively affect the quality of our sleep patterns, also increase the risk of cancer. Melatonin; It is a hormone responsible for regulating the sleep cycle and the body’s biological clock, called “circadian rhythm”. Due to our bad sleep habits, the epiphysis, a small organ in the middle of the brain, disrupts the secretion of the hormone melatonin and triggers cancer formation.
Fault: Sleep with a cell phone at the bedside
The relationship between cancer and devices that generate electromagnetic radiation such as cell phones and microwave ovens has long been viewed as a socially frightening issue. Data from previous animal experiments that such non-ionizing radiation could lead to hematologic cancer called “myeloma” or soft tissue tumors has raised this question. It has been suggested that radiofrequency radiation can trigger cancer by speeding up sugar metabolism in surrounding tissues or by dilating and exchanging heat in vessels. Professor Dr YeÅim Eralp said that, however, epidemiological studies have not proven their direct relationship with cancer on a population basis, and said: âIt is nevertheless recommended to avoid long-term close contact with cancer. device and avoid possible cancer by not sleeping at our bedside and using headphones while talking. âsays.